What is a football firm?

Football Firms

A Football firm is often the term given to a group of football hooligans who are travelling together often to engage in violence with the other teams firm. Football firms often have ‘firm’ within their name for example ‘West ham ICF’ the ‘Inter City Firm’

The Story Of  Hooligan Britain

In a nutshell
From the 1960s onwards, the UK had a reputation worldwide for football hooliganism was often dubbed the English Disease. Since the 1980s and well into the 1990s the UK government has led a widescale crackdown on football related violence. While football hooliganism has been a growing concern in some other European countries in recent years, British football fans now tend to have a better reputation abroad. Although reports of British football hooliganism still surface, the instances now tend to occur at pre-arranged locations rather than at the matches themselves.

Englands Hooligan Craze

Football hooliganism in England can be dated back to the 1880’s when individuals referred to as roughs caused trouble at football matches. Derby matches between local teams would usually see the worst trouble, but in an era when  fans travelling to away games were not common, roughs would sometimes attack the referees and the away team’s players. In the early 1980’s, to avoid being tracked by the police, firms started to wear expensive European clothing, this led to the development of the casual culture.

During the 1970s, organised hooligan firms started to emerge with clubs such as Arsenal (Gooners, The Herd), Aston Villa (Steamers, C-Crew, Villa Hardcore, Villa Youth), Birmingham City(Zulus, Zulu’s Warriors, Zulu’s Army, The Zulu), Derby County (Derby Lunatic Fringe), Chelsea (Headhunters), Everton (County Road Cutters), Liverpool (The Urchins), Leeds United (Leeds Service Crew), Middlesbrough (Middlesbrough Frontline), Newcastle United (Gremlins, Newcastle Mainline Express NME), Nottingham Forest (Forest Executive Crew), Manchester United (Red Army),Portsmouth (6.57 Crew), Sheffield United (Blades Business Crew), Shrewsbury Town (E.B.F – English Border Front), Tottenham Hotspur (Yid Army), Wolverhampton Wanderers (Subway Army) and most famously West Ham United’s (Inter City Firm). Lower league clubs also had firms, such as Blackpool’s (Rammy Arms Crew), Coventry City (The Legion), Millwall (Bushwackers) (F-Troop) (Treatment), Stoke City (Naughty Forty) sunderland AFC (Seaburn Casuals), Plymouth Argyle (TCE The Central Element), Burnley fc (suicide squad) Walsall (Junction 9), Grimsby Town (GHS).

Two main events in 1973 led to introduction of crowd segregation and fencing at football grounds in England. Manchester United were relegated to the Second Division, the Red Army caused mayhem at grounds up and down the country, and a Bolton Wanderers fan stabbed a young Blackpool fan to death behind the Kop at Bloomfield Road during a Second Division match.

A full-scale riot broke out at The Den in March 1978 during an FA Cup quarter-final between Millwall and Ipswich. Fighting began on the terraces, then spilled out on to the pitch and into the narrow streets around the ground. Bottles, knives, iron bars, boots and concrete slabs rained from the sky. Dozens of innocent people were injured. In March 1985, hooligans who had attached themselves to Millwall were involved in large-scale rioting at Luton when Millwall played Luton Town in the quarter final of the FA Cup.  Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher’s immediate response was to set up a “War Cabinet” to combat football hooliganism.

Between May 1985 and 1990 English clubs were banned from all European competitions, with liverpool being banned for a further year. This was because of the Heysel Stadium Disaster where 39 Juventus fans were crushed to death when liverpool fans  broke through a line of police officers and ran toward the Juventus supporters in a section of the ground containing both English and Italian fans. When a fence separating them from the Juventus fans was broken through, the English supporters attacked the Italian fans, the majority of whom were families rather than ultras who were situated in the other end of the ground. Many Italians tried to escape the fighting, and a wall collapsed on them.

In January 1988 41 people were arrested when the Arsenal Herd and Millwall Bushwhackers clashed and rioted at Highbury.

After some 20 years of relatively good behaviour among English football fans in general, extreme scenes of rioting and hooliganism made a comeback at Upton Park on 25 August 2009, during a Football League Cup second round tie between London rivals West Ham United ICF and Millwall Bushwhackers. The pitch was invaded several times during the game and rioting in the streets came afterwards, with one incident resulting in a man suffering stab wounds.

There were minor disturbances during and after England’s 4-1 defeat to Germany during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. A German flag was burned down amongst a mob of English supporters in Leicester Square in England, as well as damage to a Haagen Daz restaurant within the vicinity. One German fan amongst the crowd was confronted by the mob, but there were no injuries.

less than 24 hours before England’s bid to host the 2018 World Cup failed, rival west-midlands fans from Aston Villa and Birmingham City clashed in december 2010 . 14 people were injured as Missiles were hurled onto the pitch, a rocket flare was released in the stands, and there were also scuffles in nearby streets. By this stage, football hooliganism was rising dramatically, with 103 incidents of hooliganism involving under 19’s in the 2009-10 season compared to 38 the season before. Cass Pennant, a former football hooligan, said that the rise in football hooliganism was the result of rising unemployment, poverty, and social discontent in the aftermath of the recent recession – a similar situation which had affected Britain for much of the 1970s and 1980s when hooliganism was at its peak.

In a match between Sheffield Wednesday and Leeds United on 19 October 2012, a fan of Leeds United attacked Sheffield Wednesday goalkeeper Chris Kirkland during a pitch invasion to celebrate a goal.  The hooligan had been identified on social media sites as someone who had previously been banned from every football ground in the UK. Sheffield Wednesday manager Dave Jones said that Leeds fans were “vile animals” and called for them to be excluded from away matches in future.

Shortly after this incident a 44-yr old Leeds fan was attacked on a night out with is wife in sheffield by 3 Wednesday fans  and left in a critical condition and currently in a coma. Tensions are running high for when Wednesday return to Elland road in April with the fixture already been made a 12:30 KO. Some leeds fans have said, “It will definitely be very tasty when the sheffield scum come to town”.

Revealed: How undercover cops smashed Birmingham’s feared Zulu Warriors

He was the detective who led an undercover police team which smashed one of the country’s most feared football hooligan gangs – Birmingham’s Zulu Warriors.

The Blues thugs brought violence to the terraces of St Andrew’s and in towns and stadiums around the country in the 1980s, with bloody clashes on and off the pitch with rival fans and officers.

But the Zulus met their match after West Midlands Police targeted the group, whose criminal activities had strayed into drugs and organised shoplifting.

A crack team was assembled by a then Detective Sergeant Michael Layton and the groundbreaking Operation Red Card was launched in 1987.

It was one of the force’s first ever undercover investigations, which saw officers bravely infiltrating the hooligans over a period of months where they saw soccer violence at first-hand – and occasionally came within a whisper of being exposed.

By the end of the operation, which had involved the then high-tech use of covert video and photography, scores of Zulus had been arrested and brought before the courts – with many main players subsequently jailed.

It was the beginning of the end for the gang who had instilled fear in rivals with their fearsome chant: “’Zulu, Zulu, Zulu!”


Mr Layton, awarded the Queen’s Police Medal for distinguished service, said: “They chanted ‘Zulu at the same time which was very chilling, especially when you knew the next thing they were going to do was charge at you with a bunch of weapons; Stanley knife, cosh, or anything really.

“Normally, when there was a confrontation that chant would be a precursor and it was designed to instil fear, without a shadow of a doubt.”

The full story of how police infiltrated the gang and brought many of them to justice is told in a new book called Hunting The Hooligans, the Inside Story of Operation Red Card.

It was written by Mr Layton, who retired from the police in 2011, and successful co-author Robert Endeacott.

The former officer tracked down members of his Red Card team for their own recollections of the investigation.

The result is a unique insight into the hooliganism menace of the 1980s, which had become a top priority for the Thatcher government.

Mr Layton said: “Most hooligan books are written by hooligans, but I wanted to tell the story from the police perspective.”

The individual Zulus are not named in the book, instead the genuine police operational nicknames are used including Green Hood, Milk Race and number one target – Francis.

Mr Layton said: “I didn’t want to glorify them – but people who read this will know who they are.

“I also didn’t want to vilify others who have gone on to lead decent lives.”.

The Zulus formed in the early 1980s, superseding an earlier Blues supporter gang called the Apex.

The Zulu name began to become more widely known after an infamous confrontation in 1982 with Manchester City fans at Maine Road.

And they stood apart from other notorious hooligan groups of the day, including West Ham’s Inter City Firm and the Chelsea Headhunters, for one reason – their ethnic make-up.

Mr Layton, who began his career in 1968 as a British Transport Police cadet, said: “The Zulu Warriors were pretty unique in the sense that they were multi-cultural, you did have that mix of white, black and Asian men very comfortably operating together as a well-defined group.

“In contrast, a lot of the other clubs, particularly in London, were extremely right wing, skinheads and predominantly white.

“That’s what made the Zulus stand out among the hooligan groups, an early diversity and ethnic mix which was pretty unique to that culture at the time.”

The Zulus fighting reputation was cemented by an incident where 25 of them took on far larger numbers of Portsmouth thugs in a street on the south coast.

The book says: “Legend has it that in true military style the Zulus stood, formed a line and proceeded to win the battle decisively, despite the heavy odds against them.

“The Zulu Warriors were hugely proud of their brief history and would identify some fixtures for ‘anniversary visits’ in order to celebrate past achievements; the Portsmouth 25 fight was high on their list of battle honours.”

But it was the Birmingham and Leeds riot on the last game of the season in 1985 that really brought the Zulus to national attention.

After scenes of appalling violence inside and outside the ground, more than 500 people were left injured and one teenage Leeds fan was dead.


Ian Hambridge, aged just fifteen, was reportedly attending his first ever professional football match when he died when a wall collapsed on him.

The appalling tragedy and rioting led to a full public government inquiry led by Judge Oliver Popplewell, who described the Birmingham–Leeds game as more like the Battle of Agincourt than a football match’.

Yet there had been many precursors to that terrible day, including a visit by Blackburn Rovers to St Andrew’s earlier that season when the hooligans attacked police, rivals fans and British Transport police with little opposition.

Mr Layton writes in the book: “The Zulu Warriors ruled the place.

“They ruled the football ground, they ruled New Street Station, and they ruled Birmingham city centre. Unofficially of course.

“The authorities did not recognise the Zulu’s influence yet. For now it was a slow-burning matter. Before long it would ignite, indeed explode.

“And eventually I would be given the responsibility of leading the firefight.”

The ‘tipping point’ for police was a brutal attack on off-duty officer Harry Doyle in Boogies nightclub on Saturday January 10 in 1987.

The venue was packed with Zulus and the officer, who was alone, was punched and knocked to the floor and then glassed in the face.

He survived but needed 32 stitches to his facial wounds.

Three people were subsequently arrested. Two of them were considered prominent in the Zulu hierarchy and one later received a substantial prison sentence for the attack.

The undercover team assembled by Mr Layton also faced danger on many occasions, including one chilling incident when they were outed in The Crown pub – the unofficial HQ of the Zulus.


The covert cops had spent weeks building up their image as fellow hardcore Bluenoses, working on back stories and changing their appearances to blend in.

Mr Layton wrote: “Along with giving strict instructions to keep their alcohol consumption low, I had told the undercover men to swig their beer from bottles, as it is then difficult for others to see how much alcohol they are actually drinking.

“That evening I set up the first floor office as the Hill Street observations point again, with Mark and Liam, the two officers normally employed overtly as spotters.

“A wooden sign next to the entrance to The Crown advertised the pub’s nightly Happy Hour. The next hour certainly would not be one such time.

“As we, hidden, officers watched our six covert colleagues enter the pub separately in pairs – Colin and Adam, Don and Reece, and finally Alex and Danny – we then had to wait for what probably felt much longer than the actual duration.”

Alex recalled: “We were sat at one of the tables in the main room. I was with my partner and [target] Bruno and the other two undercovers were sitting at another table close by.

“The place was full and some of the older Birmingham element were there. It was like it was all orchestrated because the outside doors were kept deliberately closed while the two doormen came inside the room, and the bar staff stopped serving.

“The big, white-haired guy was called Kevin and he came over to us, pointed to the five of us one by one and said ‘You are Old Bill’ to each of us in turn. He took the lead throughout and we were surrounded by over a dozen of them.

“They started questioning us in a childish and amateurish way about how many supporters had gone to what match and what the chants were.

“We were feeling pretty vulnerable and I started to try and work out how I could throw a bar stool through the window to get attention outside.

“We stood up and fronted them and offered them outside. At least that way we would have been seen from the observations point over the road.

“Bruno chipped in and said, ‘They’re not Old Bill, we go everywhere together.’ To some extent he saved us a bit. They all started bickering amongst themselves and didn’t know who to believe. We stood our ground and it got to the point where they weren’t sure, so they got deflated.

“A lot left and I went straight to the bar for a drink. I tried to talk to the guy with the white hair but he was having none of it and he blanked me. He had obviously made his mind up.”

But despite the near misses the team eventually had enough evidence to make a series of dawn raids on their targets.


Dozens were brought to justice and many received prison sentences, including Francis who got 18 months, his ‘second lieutenant’ Green Hood, jailed for 15 months, while spectacle-wearing Milk Race – an electrician by trade – received 21 months.

Like Milk Race, many of the thugs came from good homes and respectable backgrounds, with most holding down full-time jobs.

So just why did they become hooligans?

Mr Layton said: “I think it was far more complicated than just desire to inflict pain on someone else. It was very much about belonging to a group and feeling part of something.

“There was almost a social aspect to it, they did a lot of drinking, travelling together. There was also a status issue that they did not find in normal society.

“A lot of them did have jobs, they were in the main not unintelligent people.

“But there was never any real evidence of contrition or remorse, although they were always upset at being caught.”

Mr Layton went on to enjoy a successful career. He returned to British Transport Police in 2004, initially as a Detective Superintendent (Director of Intelligence), and then in his last two years as the Operations Superintendent at Birmingham, where he continued with his passion for combating football violence, until finally retiring again in 2011.

Operation Red Card looms large in his proudest moments. And he is not alone.

“During research for the book I managed to trace former colleagues from the Special Operation Unit, many of whom I had not seen for more than 20 years,’’ he said.

“I was struck by their recall, but also their collective pride in a job well done.”

*Hunting The Hooligans, the Inside Story of Operation Red Card is published by Milo Books and will be available in bookshops from August 3.


The FA Cup semi-final between Tottenham Hotspur and Watford was held at Villa Park on April 11, 1987 – a day when more bloody hooliganism scenes were witnessed in the city, despite Blues not being involved.

And, again, the problems were centred on The Crown pub, an unofficial HQ of the Zulus.

Mr Layton said: “Before the match, supporters from both teams were drinking in the city centre, as were the Zulus even though Birmingham City were not playing that day.

“A large number of them gathered at The Crown, its proximity to the railway station enabling the gang’s spotters to keep watch for opposing gangs arriving by train and then to quickly tell the core leaders back at the pub.

“Inside The Crown we had two of Red Card’s covert officers, Alex and Danny.

“Our two undercovers had strict instructions to simply observe, to merge in to the crowd in The Crown and to stay in the background.

“Under no circumstances were they to engage in any criminal activity and if they felt there was trouble ahead then they should leave the premises and one of them put a baseball cap on his head as a signal to the police camera crew secretly situated in the first floor office opposite.”

With the crowds swelling and key Zulu targets among them, including one leading figure named Francis, it was clear trouble was brewing.

And indeed a fight was quickly arranged between intermediaries and Spurs fans who had set up base in the nearby Craven Arms.

Mr Layton said: “There was a real mix of people at The Crown before the game at Villa Park, and while we were confident that we had some of our core targets there from the main Zulu group, there were younger affiliated elements present too, some of them Junior Business Boys, as well as a few regulars and hardened drinkers from the pub. We could tell that a largescale

disturbance was brewing and we had a hell of a job just identifying known targets in amongst the numerous others participating or at least in attendance.

“We would eventually spot, film, photograph and identify nearly forty of our eventual targets in this one incident, including not just Zulu leaders but some of the Junior Business Boys too.”

“At 1.20 pm, a large number of Tottenham supporters, known as the ‘Yids’, their self-adopted nickname, were making their way from the Craven Arms towards New Street Station.

“When they reached Hill Street, many of the Birmingham crowd emerged from The Crown, chanting ‘Zulu’ and generally looking very agitated.

“On seeing the Tottenham contingent, they charged en masse towards them.”

The huge brawl took place in front of terrified passers-by.

Mr Layton said: “Like many such mêlées, the whole thing was over in a couple of minutes.

“In thugs’ parlance it was ‘a good row’, with fighting involving over a hundred men at various spots in the area. “A ‘good row’ it may well have been but within that maelstrom, a fifteen-year-old from Battersea, London, was stabbed in the stomach, and it was a life-threatening wound.

“It was hard for me to imagine a boy still of school age travelling to a football match intending to fight but then again it was fair to question what such a lad was doing consorting with a mob involved in a pre-arranged fight.

“As was often the case with football gang warfare, some maniacs never knew when to stop. One or two went too far here and nearly ended a life in doing so, in this case a mere boy’s, all allegedly in the name of sports rivalry.

“Our main target, Francis, was actually spoken to by police officers on the ground but by this time he was acting out his role as an inquisitive member of the public wondering what all the fuss was about.”

He added: “Although it was not discussed at the debrief, nor indeed would I have tolerated any discussion, the question must have been on some people’s minds as to whether we could, or should, have stopped the fight taking place.

“It was my decision and in the final analysis there is no right or wrong in these situations.

“I might have had time to get police officers to stand outside The Crown in uniform, but would they have stopped a hundred people determined to fight or would they have simply moved them on to another street, which we were not covering, and therefore lose any chance of gathering visual evidence?

“One person was seriously injured, which was one too many, but how many people did we save from injury as a result of having the evidence to put some of these people away and to deter others?

“The evidence chain was coming together and we were confident it would prove to be of immense value in future court proceedings.”

New book reveals inside story of how undercover officers infiltrated Blues hooligan gang who brought terror to terraces in 1980s

Source: Revealed: How undercover cops smashed Birmingham’s feared Zulu Warriors – Birmingham Mail

‘Someone likes us’ Russian Ultras love Millwall..

GANGS of Russian hooligans are terrorising England fans at Euro 2016 – but it turns out they really like Millwall.

Russian-Ultras-Love-Millwall-LionsBRAVE: Millwall fans allegedly pictured in the Russian end at the Stade Veldrome

The gangs of seemingly trained, drugged up, and organised Ultras have become the terror of France this year – so much so their team risk being booted out the tournament.

England fans have been left battered and bruised, following waves of guerilla attacks and battles with the Moscow maniacs.

But in the midst of their reign of terror, Daily Star Online can exclusively reveal the Russians’ love affair with notorious London side Millwall.

“Truly British hooligans, not the singing clowns”

Russian fan

MILLWALL-NO-ONE-LIKES-USFANS: Someone likes Millwall as the Russian fans reveal their passion for the club

A picture on social media appeared to show a group of Millwall fans proudly flying their St George’s cross in the Russian end during the face off between England and Vlad’s lads.

This was despite a wave of Russian trophy hunting for flags which Brits are now mimicking.

Russian hooligans’ plan to strike at boozing Brits and outfox cops in Marseille was foiled by Millwall fans who stepped in.

The Ruskis revealed their admiration for the Millwall fans hailing them as “truly British hooligans, not the singing clowns”.

Kevin Downey, from Bermondsey, who was caught up in the violence, told the Southwark news: “At one point one of the bars the Russians attacked had seven or eight Millwall supporters inside so they came out and pushed the Russians away.”

A website dedicated to Russian Ultras has even carried an interview with a Millwall fan in the wake of the violence – trying to find out whether the Millwall supporters “respect” them.The fan – who claims he was arrested in Marseille – is probed about what he thinks of the Russians and whether or not he thinks they “fight fair” .The interviewer adds “we respect English guys like you” and hails him as a “good man from Millwall”. 



Source: ‘Someone likes us’ Russian Ultras love Millwall as Lions fans snapped in their end | Daily Star

Chelsea – Headhunters

Chelsea Headhunters badge with logo

The Chelsea Headhunters are an English football hooligan firm linked to the London football club Chelsea.

The Headhunters have rivalries with counterparts who follow other London teams, such as Arsenal, Millwall, Queens Park Rangers, Fulham, Tottenham Hotspur and West Ham.

The Headhunters or originally the ‘Chelsea Shed boys’ and older ‘Northstand’ can trace their roots to the late 1960s, when football hooliganism was in its infancy and along with West Ham’s ‘Mile End Mob’ were one of the original Football Firms. Led by Danny ‘Eccles’ Harkins it coincided with the Skinhead movement at the time which saw a new breed of youth on the terraces who were prepared to fight. However the Skinhead connection to the Firm did not go hand in hand with the racism that would categorise the Headhunters from the late 70s and onwards. The Shed boys had a number of Black Skinheads in their ranks including the infamous ‘One armed Babs’, as well as different gangs from areas as Stockwell, Brixton, Battersea and Slough however despite this it was always a predominantly white Hooligan Firm. The turning point for the Firm in terms of race relations came in the 1970s when the national front gained prominence.

Since that point there was widespread racism amongst the gang and links to various white supremacist organisations, such as Combat 18 and the National Front, and to Northern Irish loyalist paramilitary organisations, such as the Ulster Defence Association and Ulster Volunteer Force.

Jason MarrinerThey were infiltrated by investigative reporter Donal MacIntyre for a documentary screened on the BBC on 9 November 1999, in which MacIntyre posed as a wannabe-member of the Chelsea Headhunters. He had a Chelsea tattoo applied to himself for authenticity, although the hardcore were surprised he chose the hated “Millwall lion” badge rather than the classic 1960s upright lion one. He confirmed the right wing elements in the Headhunters and their links to Combat 18, including one top-ranking member who had been imprisoned on one occasion for possession of material related to the Ku Klux Klan.The programme led to arrests and several convictions. One member of the Headhunters, Jason Marriner, who was convicted and sent to prison as a result of the show, has since written a book claiming to have been set up by MacIntyre and the BBC. He claims that footage was edited and manipulated, and ‘incidents’ were manufactured and they were convicted despite having no footage of them committing crimes.

football factoryNick Love’s film The Football Factory presented the Headhunters in a fictionalized account. The film focuses mainly on the firm’s violent rivalry with the Millwall Bushwackers. Jason Marriner was the subject of a dvd release ‘Jason Marriner – Football Hooligan’ directed by Liam Galvin (Gangster Videos).

Kevin Whitton, a high-profile member of the firm, was sentenced to life imprisonment on 8 November 1985 for violent assault after being found guilty of involvement in an attack on a pub on Kings Road, which was described as being some[clarification needed] of the worst incidents of football hooliganism ever witnessed in England. After Chelsea lost a match, Whitton and other hooligans stormed into the pub, chanting “War! War! War!”. When they left a few minutes later, with one of them shouting, “You bloody Americans! Coming here taking our jobs”, the bar’s American manager, 29-year-old Neil Hansen, was lying on the floor, close to death. Whitton’s sentence was cut to three years on appeal on 19 May 1986. The fan responsible for the actual assault, Wandsworth man Terence Matthews (aged 25 at the time), was arrested shortly after Whitton’s conviction and remanded in custody to await trial. He was found guilty of taking part in the violence on 13 October 1986 and sentenced to four years in prison.Matthews came to the public attention again in June 2002 when he and his 21-year-old son William received two-year prison sentences after they and another man were convicted of assaulting two police officers in Morden, Surrey.In May 2011, some 25 years after the Kings Road incident, it was reported in The Sun newspaper that Matthews had been found guilty of taking part in another hooliganism incident, this time at an FA Cup tie against Cardiff City in February 2010. purs Much has been said about rivalries but Spurs, West Ham, Leicester and Manchester Utd are still heated. After an F.A.cup game in 2002 a firm of Spurs yid army clashed with headhunters between Pimlico and Victoria at 10.30 pm, the violence continued for 10 minutes with 2 people stabbed one of which was an Aberdeen fan as both Glasgow Rangers ICF & ASC were in attendance. During this period the Headhunters travelled extensively to champions league games in Europe, most notably PSG in Paris and Anderlecht in Brussels where large scale disorder was present before and after the matches.

A more recent incident involving the Headhunters occurred on 13 February 2010, when members of the firm clashed[clarification needed] with the Cardiff City Soul Crew at the FA Cup fifth-round tie at Stamford Bridge. On 25 March 2011, 24 people were convicted of taking part in the violence, which resulted in several people being injured (including a police officer whose jaw was broken) at Isleworth Crown Court. All of those convicted received banning orders from all football grounds in England and Wales ranging from three years to eight years. Eighteen of them received prison sentences of up to two years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Chelsea violence: Men sentenced following Cardiff match

Twenty-four men have been sentenced for taking part in violence after an FA Cup match between Chelsea and Cardiff City in west London in February 2010.

Ten of them committed violent disorder, while 12 were sentenced for affray and the other two for public disorder.

All were banned from football grounds for between three and eight years.

The clashes were between two separate groups of hooligans, the Chelsea Head Hunters and the Soul Crew of Cardiff, Isleworth Crown Court heard.

One of those convicted was 43-year-old Jason Marriner from Hertfordshire, who was previously the subject of an undercover investigation by TV journalist Donal MacIntyre into hooliganism.

He was sentenced to two years in prison and banned from football grounds for six years after being convicted of violent disorder.

Broken jaw

About 6,000 Cardiff fans travelled to London for the fifth round match, which Chelsea won 4-1.

It had a 1200 GMT kick-off on Saturday 13 February.

The Metropolitan and South Wales Police forces joined together and Operation Turnhill, as it was codenamed, saw officers going undercover to spot troublemakers.

One police officer suffered a broken jaw in the violence.

A pregnant woman told the court how she was forced to speed away in her car on Kings Road, near Chelsea’s Stamford Bridge ground, because she feared for her life and that of her unborn child.

So far 63 people have been convicted over the violence, which followed the clubs’ first meeting in 18 years.

Detail of charges and sentences:

The defendants sentenced for violent disorder were:

Stephen Bradley, 49, of Beechwood Avenue, Sunbury, Surrey – sentenced to 18 months and banned from football for six years

Jeremiah Costello, 49, of Kilburn, north-west London – sentenced to 12 months and banned from football for six years

Ian Cutler, 50, of Hawthorn Road, Wednesbury, West Midlands – sentenced to 14 months and banned from football for six years

Darren Forrest, 40, of Waterlooville, Hampshire – sentenced to 18 months and banned from football for six years

Simon Hearn, 23, of Woking Close, Barnes, south-west London – sentenced to two years and banned from football for six years

Lee Hilton, 40, of Sunnyside Close, Angmering, West Sussex – sentenced to 14 months and banned from football for six years

James Lavender, 30, of Austen Walk, Eastbourne, East Sussex – sentenced to 14 months and banned from football for six years

Jason Marriner, 43, of Yarmouth Road, Hertfordshire – sentenced to two years and banned from football for six years

Ben Satchell, 20, of Onslow Way, Croydon, south London – sentenced to eight months in a young offenders’ institution and banned from football for six years

Nicholas Whelan, 21, of Blandford Road, Beckenham, Kent – sentenced to 14 months and banned from football for six years

The defendants sentenced for affray were:

Malcolm Courtney, 45, of Stafford Road, Acton, west London – sentenced to eight months and banned from football for six years

Anthony Dempsey, 37, of High Street, Tooting, south London – six-month sentence, suspended for 18 months, plus 120 hours’ community service and £250 costs, and banned from football for four years

John Devitt, 45, of Grosvenor Crescent, Uxbridge, west London – sentenced to eight months and banned from football for six years

Carl Drury, 44, of Burstow House, Hawley, Surrey – sentenced to two counts of 12 months, to run concurrently, and banned from football for eight years

Michael Garrard, 48, of Massingbred Way, Tooting, south London – eight-month sentence, suspended for two years, plus 200 hours’ community service and £1,500 costs, and banned from football for three years

Anthony Gunter, 26, of Fleetside, West Molesey, Surrey – sentenced to eight months and banned from football for six years

Ray James Kennedy, 40, of Trinity Road, London – six-month sentence, suspended for 18 months, plus 120 hours’ community service and £250 costs, and banned from football for five years

Craig McGuire, Horseferry Road, central London – sentenced to six months and banned from football for six years

John Meachen, 42, of Queens Street, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire – eight-month sentence, suspended for two years, plus 240 hours’ community service and £1,500 costs, and banned from football for three years

Adam Rawlings, 21, of St Albans Road, Watford, Hertfordshire – sentenced to 14 months in a young offenders’ institution and banned from football for six years

Tom Townsend, 20, of Waddon Park Avenue, Croydon, south London – sentenced to six months in a young offenders’ institution and banned from football for six years

Graham Wallace, 47, of Palins Avenue, Maidstone, Kent – sentenced to eight months and and banned from football for eight years

The defendants sentenced for public disorder were:

Mark Connors, 47, of Cheviot Road, Slough, Berkshire – sentenced to 50 hours’ community service, plus 12 months’ supervision and £100 costs, and banned from football for three years

Brian Hall, 48, of Seaforth Grove, Southend, Essex – sentenced to 120 hours’ community service, plus a 12-month community order and £250 costs, and banned from football for three years

BBC NEWS LONDON – 25th March 2011